There were two major polises in Ancient Greece. These polises were very different form each other and are thought to be the two most different polises in Greece. Both of these polises had advantages and disadvantages for there citizens. Both polises had different forms of government, Athens was democratic and Sparta was totalitarian. Both of the city states had different cultures, lifestyles, and laws.
Athens has some good advantages that you won’t find in Sparta. First they are a democratic society where the people can propose laws, debate openly on political issues and are allowed to criticize elected officials. This is an important fact to consider because if someone was open minded, opinionated, and liked to be heard then they would fit in great.
Next Athens was very prosperous and even though they were not very focused on military power they still was able to deal with any crisis or types of chaos they encountered. This showed that the Athenian people were able to maintain control and order in there city without revoking freedom and independence. Third lastly they believed in the balance between a sound mind and a sound body which means that it was not all about being strong and a powerful fighter but intelligence was also valued. Lastly they educated there people which gave them the opportunity to learn about arts and literature.
Athens also had some disadvantages because some of there rules and polisies were not to the advantages of all the people. To begin only male citizens at least 30 years old were allowed to vote. People were not considered a citizen unless they were upper class so the slaves, servants and merchants had no say. Lastly only the upper class was allowed to go to school and the poor and lower classed were not educated.
On the other hand there is Sparta which has advantages different to Athens. Sparta always looked out for the common good of its people.
In prehistoric times advice and knowledge were passed from generation to generation in an oral tradition.The development of writing systems enabled knowledge to be stored and communicated with much greater accuracy in reporting and describing facts and details.
This combined with the development of agriculture which allowed for a surplus of food made it possible for early civilizations to develop; and thus, more time was devoted to tasks other than survival such as the search for knowledge.In addition, as civilizations came into contact with one another either through trade, migration, or warfare their ideas were exchange. If one said one thing and another said something else and someone else said a third thing then this gets people thinking, what is the truth?
If we look at the nature of knowledge in ancient Greece we see that atfirst, the Greeks used gods to explain the occurrence of things, which they could not understand through lack of scientific proof.For example, they thought the gods controlled the rising and setting of the sun.Most things were explained through mythology. These were stories, which served as explanations for things in life. For example, Greek mythology was used to account for the existence of the heavens and the earth.Greek myths were stories of gods and goddesses whose quarrels and interactions with humans gave rise to those things people wished to understand.
This all begins to change 600BC when Thales of Miletus and a small group of Greek thinkers ignored the mythical beliefs and set out to find out what is true.
Instead of seeking the old stories to explain things, the Greek thinkers begin to explain that events in nature take place in accordance with unchanging law, rather than because it is the actions of the gods.They rejected mythological explanations and used reason to explain natural phenomena.
It has been a long time since we have spoken. That is unfortunate. The conflict our polis’ have had may be the reason for this. How are the children, and how is life? I am mystified of your reasons for being so proud of being a simple spartan. Being a citizen of athens carries great respect and priviliges. As the leader in olive production, we citizens of Athens ensure our needs for any commodities are met.
Athens is prospering thanks to our rich olive producing soil. Maybe if your soil wasn’t drenched in the blood of each other, Sparta would be world renowned for agriculture. My dear friend, you are not allowed any luxuries. I have 2 estates and many fine women here in Athens, I drink fine wines and soak in the sun all day. You may think that i am weak, and i am soft, but i know i just know how to live with luxury. Once a week i enjoy a delightful play at the amphitheatre, you should really come and visit me, the presentation is rivalled only by the fantastic stories. Have the perioeci attempted to revolt again. I keep on telling you that tis wouldn’t happen if you werentout numbered ten to one.
If you have any spare money to invest, i would recomend that you give it to me, we have some marvelous pottery shops opening, all they need is some funds to get started. How old are you now friend, must be around 35, well dont worry, only 25 more years before retirement, hahaha.I would have to say it is a shame you don’t get to see your children grow up, what exactly are they being taught in these state run schools you speak so highly of? My children are being tutored thouroughly .
They are being schooled in philosophy, the arts, sciences, and math. Hopefully the persians don’t invade soon, Athens is beginning to prosper, and there isn’t enough money to be made fending off invaders. How exactly do you manage to have so many servants around. I can only afford three for my entire family.I do not like the way your gove